Rules Q & A

Rules are listed in numerical order
If you have a question on a particular rule that is not listed here, please send it to the Chair of the Rules & Competitions Committee and copy WorldBoccia’s Competition Manager 
Rule No.

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The rest of the rule helps to explain the answer:

4.1.5 There is no restriction on the length of the pointer used by the Athlete to release the ball from the ramp (ref.: 15.5.4.) The pointer must be attached directly to the Athlete. (head, mouth, arm, leg, etc.). Pointers must have direct contact with the ball (and the Athlete) when releasing the ball. The release of the ball must be caused by the force of the Athlete using the pointer. Lifting or lowering a gate is not legal. Strings, ribbons, cloth strips, etc., are not pointers. Approved pointers will receive validation stickers.

The force can be: lifting the pointer off the ball; pushing the ball; or pulling the ball backward (and then lifting the pointer, or having the pointer slide off the back of the ball)

The athlete has no restriction on how to manoeuvre the wheelchair during the release (other than on his or her own – ref; 9.2.1, and to stay inside the throwing box – ref: 15.7.1)

Forcing the pointer to shake the ramp to cause the ball to roll is not legal.

To repeat: at the release of the ball, the athlete must have direct contact with the ball and cause the ball to move without assistance from the Ramp Operator.

Between the ends. …A replacement ramp may be substituted between Ends providing the replacement bears the validation stamp/sticker for the competition.

For Pair Division, the athlete may share a ramp with the teammate 19.1 Once per match, if any equipment breaks, time must be stopped and the Athlete will be given a one ten (10) minute technical time out to repair their equipment. In a Pairs match, an Athlete may share a ramp with his/her teammate if necessary. A replacement ramp may be substituted between Ends (the Head Referee must be notified of this). Repair items, including a replacement ramp, may come from outside the FOP. An Official (Liner, Timer, Referee…) must accompany the personnel doing the repair.

19.2- If the equipment cannot be repaired (or replaced between the ends), the athlete must carry on playing with the broken equipment.  If the athlete is unable to continue, any remaining balls for that athlete will become dead balls..

Which means that they cannot play the rest of that end? 

If the ramp is broken so badly that it cannot function at all, then yes, the athlete will likely be unable to propel any remaining balls. When time runs out, or the athlete signals not to play any more balls, any remaining balls from him/her are retracted and become dead balls.

This can be anyone that is registered to attend from the same country. It could be any of the athlete’s support persons or another athlete. As the CA, this individual takes the place of the coach and must sit in the coach’s box beside the score table. This individual could be a different person from match to match. This is only one individual – coach or CA; if it is not the coach him/herself then this person is called the CA for that match

This is a matter of respecting the opponent’s space. From the rule change request survey athletes asked for this. There have been instances when the infringement is blatant and more than necessary. At times it is unavoidable, or very difficult, especially in Team and Pair matches, where athletes are sandwiched between two opponents. That’s why we chose “should”. So yes, they should avoid the line as much as possible. There is no direct penalty – other than loss of time by the referee standing in front of the athlete and asking him/her not to go into the opponent’s box.

10.12 Balls played together – If a Side plays more than one ball when it is that Side’s turn to play, the simultaneously played balls will be retracted and become Dead Balls (ref.: 15.5.11).

if one plays a ball and then another ball is propelled while the ball is still rolling then retract both balls. (it could be more than 2 balls being played simultaneously) 

10.2.4 A Side’s time will stop the moment the played ball becomes stationary within the court boundaries or crosses the court boundaries.

Once the played ball stops, or goes out of bounds, that Side’s turn is over.

Any balls played “out of turn” are retracted and become dead balls. 

15.5 The following actions will lead to retraction of the played ball (ref.: 15.1) 

– 15.5.1 if a ball is released prior to the Referee indicating which colour is to play.

Rule 15.8 The following actions will lead to the award of a one ball penalty and a yellow card (ref.: 15.2, 15.3)

15.8.1 any interference with or distraction of another Athlete in such a way that it affects their opponent’s concentration or playing action.

If the activity (drinking water, wiping a runny nose, scratching an itch, preventing an athlete from falling out of their wheelchair, etc…) is disruptive then, yes it deserves the penalty (one ball + yellow card). There is no other boccia rule that states what specific activities are allowed. 10 .7 does state what is NOT allowed to take place during the opponent’s time:

10.7 Movement on Court

10.7.1 A Side may not prepare their next shot, orient the wheelchair or the ramp, or roll the ball in the opposing Sides’ time…

It can also happen during “referee time”, or end of end, or end of match. 

What if something needs to be clarified during the time of the opponent? 

Immediately when the opponent’s ball stops, it is referee time and an athlete may call the referee’s attention. (If on the opponent’s time, it would only be for a violation – which occurs as the ball is being released, just a few seconds ago)

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