Rules Q & A

Rules are listed in numerical order
If you have a question on a particular rule that is not listed here, please send it to the Chair of the Rules & Competitions Committee and copy BISFed’s Competition Manager 
Rule No.

* Click the “+” to read the answer

This can be anyone that is registered to attend from the same country. It could be any of the athlete’s support persons or another athlete. As the CA, this individual takes the place of the coach and must sit in the coach’s box beside the score table. This individual could be a different person from match to match. This is only one individual – coach or CA; if it is not the coach him/herself then this person is called the CA for that match

The rest of the rule helps to explain the answer:

4.1.5 There is no restriction on the length of the pointer used by the Athlete to release the ball from the ramp (ref.: 15.5.4.) The pointer must be attached directly to the Athlete. (head, mouth, arm, leg, etc.). Pointers must have direct contact with the ball (and the Athlete) when releasing the ball. The release of the ball must be caused by the force of the Athlete using the pointer. Lifting or lowering a gate is not legal. Strings, ribbons, cloth strips, etc., are not pointers. Approved pointers will receive validation stickers.

The force can be: lifting the pointer off the ball; pushing the ball; or pulling the ball backward (and then lifting the pointer, or having the pointer slide off the back of the ball)

The athlete has no restriction on how to manoeuvre the wheelchair during the release (other than on his or her own – ref; 9.2.1, and to stay inside the throwing box – ref: 15.7.1)

Forcing the pointer to shake the ramp to cause the ball to roll is not legal.

To repeat: at the release of the ball, the athlete must have direct contact with the ball and cause the ball to move without assistance from the Ramp Operator.

Between the ends. …A replacement ramp may be substituted between Ends providing the replacement bears the validation stamp/sticker for the competition.

For Pair Division, the athlete may share a ramp with the teammate 19.1 Once per match, if any equipment breaks, time must be stopped and the Athlete will be given a one ten (10) minute technical time out to repair their equipment. In a Pairs match, an Athlete may share a ramp with his/her teammate if necessary. A replacement ramp may be substituted between Ends (the Head Referee must be notified of this). Repair items, including a replacement ramp, may come from outside the FOP. An Official (Liner, Timer, Referee…) must accompany the personnel doing the repair.

19.2- If the equipment cannot be repaired (or replaced between the ends), the athlete must carry on playing with the broken equipment.  If the athlete is unable to continue, any remaining balls for that athlete will become dead balls..

Which means that they cannot play the rest of that end? 

If the ramp is broken so badly that it cannot function at all, then yes, the athlete will likely be unable to propel any remaining balls. When time runs out, or the athlete signals not to play any more balls, any remaining balls from him/her are retracted and become dead balls.

This can be anyone that is registered to attend from the same country. It could be any of the athlete’s support persons or another athlete. As the CA, this individual takes the place of the coach and must sit in the coach’s box beside the score table. This individual could be a different person from match to match. This is only one individual – coach or CA; if it is not the coach him/herself then this person is called the CA for that match

o    Without COVID protocols 

  • It is clear that the athlete does not need to leave the box. 

During non-COVID, the athlete may remain – out of the way – in his/her throwing box. S/he cannot be forced to back out over the line (17.5 – cannot ask them to go out of their throwing box) The athlete may back out voluntarily, but cannot be forced to do so – during non-covid protocol)

1a) is it still true that the RO and equipment could go to a non opponent box when getting out of the way? (Yes, any adjacent throwing box, or behind the court)

2) Does the athlete and his equipment have to back up every time? (Not necessarily)

2a) Or only when the play is toward their direction? (Depending on where they and their equipment are in the throwing box will determine if they are “in the way”. Getting “Out of the Way” must be done quickly, and if the Referee decides access is being denied, a yellow card may be given to the offending Athlete (ref 15.9.4 or 15.9.5). In the BC3 Division ROs and equipment (including the ramp and RO’s chair) must be “out of the way”.             

17.5 An Athlete may ask another Athlete or RO to move if he/she is positioned in a way which interferes with the playing of a shot, but cannot ask them to go out of their throwing box. During a match, the RO should ensure their equipment is out of the way so that the opponent can easily make their shot, without causing damage to any belongings that are in the way. To prevent damage, ROs should not move the opponents’ equipment. During a match, the RO should move their own ramp/belongings out of the way of the opponent to allow the shot to be played without interference.(Underline added for emphasis)

This is a matter of respecting the opponent’s space. From the rule change request survey athletes asked for this. There have been instances when the infringement is blatant and more than necessary. At times it is unavoidable, or very difficult, especially in Team and Pair matches, where athletes are sandwiched between two opponents. That’s why we chose “should”. So yes, they should avoid the line as much as possible. There is no direct penalty – other than loss of time by the referee standing in front of the athlete and asking him/her not to go into the opponent’s box.

10.12 Balls played together – If a Side plays more than one ball when it is that Side’s turn to play, the simultaneously played balls will be retracted and become Dead Balls (ref.: 15.5.11).

if one plays a ball and then another ball is propelled while the ball is still rolling then retract both balls. (it could be more than 2 balls being played simultaneously) 

10.2.4 A Side’s time will stop the moment the played ball becomes stationary within the court boundaries or crosses the court boundaries.

Once the played ball stops, or goes out of bounds, that Side’s turn is over.

Any balls played “out of turn” are retracted and become dead balls. 

15.5 The following actions will lead to retraction of the played ball (ref.: 15.1) 

– 15.5.1 if a ball is released prior to the Referee indicating which colour is to play.

When the score is 2-1, the score and the situation is NOT equidistant. So, do NOT make an equidistant gesture/sign. The referee shows the colour of the side to play (the side with the score of 1 in this example) and that side will play until the score changes, or that side has played all their balls

15.9.3 An Athlete when their ball(s) fails to meet the criteria during a ball check (ref.: 8 and 14.)

14 If one Athlete has more than one ball rejected during the same check, the offence will incur only one yellow card.

8 If an Athlete’s ball(s) fails the criteria during the ball check 

Since the rule says “ball check” or “the ball check”, we consider the entire process of checking the balls as one event. Should the athlete bring too many balls AND lose a ball during one of the ball tests, he/she would receive one yellow card, NOT two.

It can also happen during “referee time”, or end of end, or end of match. 

What if something needs to be clarified during the time of the opponent? 

Immediately when the opponent’s ball stops, it is referee time and an athlete may call the referee’s attention. (If on the opponent’s time, it would only be for a violation – which occurs as the ball is being released, just a few seconds ago)

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